3. It is specified that the EU`s contribution to political dialogue and cooperation with the Cuban government in the development and implementation of laws and reforms must be specific. If the Cuban government does not initiate the reforms in six months, the EU will have to end the PDCA, because the Cuban government would not respect the fundamental principles of democracy and human rights set out in the agreement. 4. Measures are being taken to: cooperate with the press and independent Cuban civil society, as in any other country, which means that members of civil society will be invited to formal discussions on the implementation of the agreement; Contribute to the funding of civil society organizations; Inviting independent journalists to press conferences; The Committee on Immigration, Security and Human Rights Policy. The EEAS must also state that no financial contribution will be made to official Cuban organizations or institutions without the Cuban government publicly supporting the aforementioned reforms necessary for democratization. In view of the above, it is essential that the newly elected European Parliament, the new Commission of the European Union, the new High Representative for Foreign Affairs and the Member States of the European Union only continue the implementation of the agreement: the EU signed the Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement (CDP) with the Cuban government in December 2016. The European Parliament approved the agreement in July 2017 and many Member States ratified the agreement without criticising Cuba`s totalitarian political system or the government`s repressive practices. It is up to the Commission and its foreign policy arm, the EEAS, to explain what reforms must be undertaken in Cuba in order for the Cuban government to respect the principles of human rights and democracy enshrined in the PDCA.
The main problem with the agreement is that it does not stipulate that democracy and respect for human rights are objectives that must be achieved through cooperation and political dialogue, but that it describes them only as principles on which the agreement is based. This is a major step backwards in European foreign policy towards the island, which hinders any assessment of the outcome of the agreement and, so far, the parties concerned have avoided explaining what will change in the years to come. This makes it impossible to know whether or not the Cuban government is complying with the agreement. There is therefore an urgent need to set the conditions for the immediate implementation of this agreement or, if not, to suspend its implementation. This letter is published by Rosa Maria Paya and Cuba Decide: Cuba enjoys preferential treatment of the Generalized Preference System (GSP) for its exports. Moreover, although it has been a member of the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific group since 2000, Cuba does not benefit from the ACP-EU sugar protocol, but from an EU-granted sugar quota (approximately 59,000 tonnes per year; the tariffs paid on this quota are EUR 98 per tonne).  Cuba`s second largest trading partner is Cuba (which accounts for 20% of Cuba`s total trade). The EU is the second largest source of Cuban imports (20%) and was the third largest destination for Cuban exports (21%).