China has done so mainly because it wants to develop its sphere of influence, particularly in Southeast Asia and the Middle East, the main source of oil and gas and an important location for the Belt and Road initiative. By signing this agreement, the Chinese are sending a clear message to Saudi Arabia, the Emirates, the Iraqis, the Egyptian and Israeli peoples, with the arrival of a new major player with all its power. When the agreement expires and comes into force, the Chinese will build another naval base in the Gulf, with an open eye on the U.S. base at Manama. This will show very clearly that the Chinese want to establish a massive presence in the Middle East. Beijing is confident that it will be able to cope with the regional political consequences of the agreement by reminding countries competing with Iran that they are also important economic partners with China. China has invested heavily in both the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia and has positioned itself as an important facilitator of the economic diversification of both countries. So far, China has moved well enough in the Policy of the Levant to establish economic relations with Israel, another important regional player that would deal with any agreement. Hard-liners in Tehran have been calling for closer relations with China for years. The U.S.
exit from the nuclear deal gave them what they wanted. In July, the New York Times published a draft proposal for a new partnership between Iran and China. The document contains a 25-year vision of an economic and security agreement between the two countries. The draft Iran-China agreement is a declaration of consensus between Beijing and Tehran to challenge Washington`s strategy to isolate Iran globally. As Iran and China lay the groundwork for closer economic and military cooperation, countries in the region are increasingly encouraged to face the rivalry between the United States and China. A rapprochement between Iran and China will have important consequences both for bilateral relations in the region and for the future development of the China Belt and Road Initiative (BIS). Rumours of a large-scale partnership between China and Iran seem to be true. A draft of the agreement, published by the New York Times in July, indicates that it would be a deep economic partnership that would open the door to strategic action.
Much speculation about the deal followed the leak. It can be said with fleetingness and A that this agreement would have important geopolitical consequences for the Middle East and the Indian Ocean region. All regional actors would bear political costs directly or indirectly. Iran has a similar project partnership with India and Russia, the north-south international corridor.  There are also forward-looking developments in Pakistan. In the past, both Iran and Pakistan have had friendly relations with China. The benefits of the Belt and Road Initiative have the potential to outweigh political and religious differences.  Freer trade between Iran and Pakistan because of railways and ports could open up potential development in both countries.