Shimla Agreement Map

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the British Lords overseas, Emperor of India, His Excellency the President of the Republic of China, and His Holiness the Dalai Lama of Tibet, in the sincere desire to settle by mutual agreement various issues on the interests of their various states on the continent of Asia, and to continue to regulate the relations of their various governments , have decided to enter into an agreement on this subject and have appointed their respective proxies to this effect, i.e.: Pakistan asserts that siachen glaciers belongs to the part of Jammu and Kashmir, which gave control under the ceasefire line (Karachi 1949) and the Line of Control (Shimla 1972). As a result, the line of control is expected to move north from NJ9842 to karakorumpass, the meeting point of the Indian border with China. Article 5. The governments of China and Tibet undertake not to enter into negotiations or agreements on Tibet among themselves or with any other power, except for negotiations and agreements between Great Britain and Tibet, as stipulated in the agreement of 7 September 1904 between Great Britain and Tibet and the agreement of 27 April 1906 between Great Britain and China. Not only were the borders of India and Tibet discussed at the conference, but at no time, either at the conference or, subsequently, Chinese objections; For the Chinese representative in Simla, Ivan Chen was fully aware of the McMahon line. It would be transvestite to propose something else, since he was present at the signing ceremony of the Simla Convention on July 3, 1914. Talks on the India-Tibet border took place from 15 to 31 January 1914. At the 4th session of the Plenary Conference on 17 February 1914, McMahon presented a declaration on Tibet`s territorial borders. A map attached to the declaration showed Tibet`s “historical boundaries” at acceptance, later known as the McMahon Line.

There was no Chinese disagreement. Discussions ensued between Britain and Tibet, which resulted in an agreement fully recorded in the exchange of letters between McMahon and Lonchen Shatra. The Indo-Tibet border project was officially approved on 24 and 25 March 1914 and presented at the 7th plenary meeting of all delegates on 22 April 1914. During the 1965 war, India and Pakistan both occupied each other`s territories – India conquered more than 750 square miles, while Pakistan gained more than 200 square miles. But with the agreement of the tachkents, the two soldiers returned to their previous positions, including along the line of control. (iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days. [4] In August 1947, Jammu and Kashmir were a princely state of 2.06 square miles – larger than California (USA) and comparable to the United Kingdom. Two months later, Pakistan invaded Jammu and Kashmir, having signed a status quo agreement with the principal state, which turned to India for aid and signed the accession instrument. In February and March 1914, the Indian government opened bilateral negotiations with the Tibetans in Deli (conference participants who had withdrawn from Simla winter) in order to obtain Tibet`s agreement on the alignment proposal.

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