The social security authorities determine this on the basis of a list of criteria, including: if it is in the worker`s best interest to remain in the social security system of his country of origin, it may be possible to apply for a specific exception. This route is often used in a situation where the secondment of a staff member is expected to last more than two years. If you have worked in several Member States or contract countries, you receive an individual pension from each country in which you have accumulated periods of insurance, as long as the eligibility requirements are met, with the “smallest pension” rule being an exception. If you are seconded to the UK from an EEA country or Switzerland, please read what happens if I am a seconded worker from the EU, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein or Switzerland?. The answers to the following questions assume that you are from a non-EEA/Switzerland country with which the UK has a bilateral social security agreement. For migrants subject to reciprocal agreement, contributions to social security authorities in the United Kingdom and the country of origin under the agreement are counted when determining the right to benefits payable by each country. The agreement contains detailed rules for different types of benefits and information on whether a worker is receiving benefits from the UK or his country of origin. In the event of a Non-Brexit Deal, the German-British Social Security Agreement of 20 April 1960 between the Federal Republic of Germany and the United Kingdom could apply again from 30 March 2019, as these schemes will no longer apply in the UK from that date. This agreement is not as comprehensive as the above rules. For example, unemployment and dependency insurance do not apply. The social security agreement primarily benefits the citizens of the agreements concerned.
However, depending on the agreements, they can also be applied to other persons who are not nationals of the contracting country. Although the terms of the Brexit negotiations are still far from known, it seems clear at this stage that the 883/2004 and 987/2009 regulations will no longer apply to British and German border workers at the end of the Brexit negotiations. This could result in a double taxation of social security and an interruption in the consideration of benefit entitlements (so-called “totalization”) for these workers over 29 March 2019. If you are self-employed, you must inform the social security agencies in your host country in advance and apply for an A1 form from the social security institution in your home country. To be eligible for Form A1, you must prove that the activities you wish to perform abroad are similar to those you performed in your home country. To meet this requirement, you must: If you live in a Member State or contracting country, we recommend that you apply for a pension through the insurance agency in your country of residence.