The obligations under Articles 3 and 4 do not apply to procedures under WIPO-led multilateral agreements on the acquisition or maintenance of intellectual property rights. With the TRIPS agreement, intellectual property rights have been integrated into the multilateral trading system for the first time and remains the most comprehensive multilateral IP agreement to date. In 2001, developing countries, fearing that developed countries had insisted on too narrow a reading of the TRIPS trip, launched a series of discussions that culminated in the Doha Declaration. The Doha Declaration is a WTO DECLARATION that clarifies the scope of the TRIPS agreement, which states, for example, that TRIPS can and should be interpreted in light of the objective of “promoting access to medicines for all”. (d) international intellectual property protection agreements that came into force prior to the ENTRY into force of the WTO agreement, provided that these agreements are notified to the Travel Council and do not constitute arbitrary or unjustified discrimination against nationals of other members. Unlike other IP agreements, TRIPS have an effective enforcement mechanism. States can be disciplined by the WTO dispute settlement mechanism. Basic introduction to the DG Intellectual Property Agreement (TRIPS) From the WTO agreement, a written introduction to the WTO for non-specialists. The Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is an agreement of international law between all World Trade Organization (WTO) member states. It sets minimum standards for the regulation of different forms of intellectual property by national governments, as is the case for nationals of other WTO member states.  The TRIPS agreement was negotiated at the end of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) between 1989 and 1990 and is managed by the WTO. This transitional period, codified in Article 66.1 of the TRIPS Agreement, from 1996, when the treaty became applicable to the rest of WTO membership, one year after the World Trade Club opened its doors.
This article exempts LDCs from the obligation to implement most of the WTO`s intellectual property rules, with the exception of articles relating to national treatment, the most favoured national treatment and “multilateral acquisition or maintenance agreements” under the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Since then, the practical impact of TRIPS and its flexibility on access to medicines, both within the business community and among public health experts, civil society groups and intergovernmental agencies, have continued to be the subject of intense debate. In particular, a high-level body on access to medicines, convened in 2016 by a high-level body on access to medicines, convened by the UN Secretary-General, openly criticised the negative effects of the “TRIPS plus” provisions contained in regional trade agreements and found that “significant protection of patents and test data for health technologies exceeding minimum standards [of TRIPS] can impede access to health technologies.” As you know, this has been a sensitive point in the negotiations on the agreement, formerly known as the Trans-Pacific Partnership, with the United States being the main proponent of this type of protection. Many of them were then suspended by the other countries participating in the agreement after the withdrawal of the United States. A detailed overview of the ADPIC agreement THE TRIPS agreement … is the most comprehensive multilateral agreement on intellectual property to date… Trips-plus conditions, which impose standards beyond TRIPS, have also been verified.  These free trade agreements contain conditions that limit the ability of governments to introduce competition for generic drug manufacturers.
In particular, the United States has been criticized for promoting protection far beyond the standards prescribed by the TRIPS. The agreements