This case received a lot of attention following the Supreme Court`s decision last year in Epic Systems v. Lewis. Epic Systems` decision confirmed the applicability of arbitration agreements involving class actions and class actions, but did not discuss whether these agreements could force applications to infringe agents in individual arbitration. On June 20, 2013, in American Express Co. /Italian Colors Restaurant, the Tribunal ruled that the declarations of waiver of collective actions contained in the mandatory arbitration clauses were valid even if the applicants proved that it was not economically viable to maintain these actions individually.   All new staff recruited or rehired and existing staff who voluntarily change positions (voluntary transfers) or who are promoted to seconded positions within the university are required to enter into a written agreement to reconcile rights (“agreement”) as a condition for employment, transfer or transportation. The agreement does not replace internal staff appeal procedures, but provides for arbitration rather than court proceedings. The 9th circle stop gives rise to an indirect conflict with a case of the Tenth Circuit, Williams v. Imhoff, 203 F.3d 758 (10th cir.
2000). In Williams, the court found that erisa breach of the duty of trust law were the subject of arbitration proceedings. The case arose in the same factual context as USC: workers and employers entered into a full arbitration agreement, and then the workers sued under ERISA 502 A (a) (2). None of the parties raised the question of whether the plan had agreed to a conciliation. The Tribunal rejected USC`s argument that the discharge, since it was a defined contribution plan with individual accounts, could benefit individual applicants and, therefore, their arbitration agreements covered the rights. When an arbitral award is brought by an arbitrator or arbitration panel, it must be “confirmed” in court; And once the arbitration award is upheld, the arbitration award is reduced to an enforceable judgment which, like any other judgment, can be executed in court by the winning party. According to the FAA, a distinction must be upheld within one year and any objection to a distinction must be challenged by the losing party within three months. An arbitration agreement may be concluded in a “forward-looking” manner (i.e. before an actual dispute) or be concluded by the parties to the dispute as soon as a dispute has arisen. In its decision on Epic Systems Corp.
Lewis on May 21, 2018, the Supreme Court ruled that the FAA was not instituted by the protection of concerted activity introduced by the National Labor Relations Act of 1935, effectively making individual arbitration agreements in fully enforceable contracts.  The FAA provides for a mandatory and mandatory arbitration procedure based on the contract, which gives rise to an arbitral award filed by an arbitrator or arbitral tribunal, contrary to a judgment brought by a court. In arbitration proceedings, the parties waive an appeal on factual grounds before a court. In particular, the OHO Group cited the shearson Supreme Court/American Express Inc. v. decision. McMahon that securities rights are not an exception to the FAA`s mandate, namely that parties to an otherwise valid arbitration agreement place the application before an arbitration tribunal.  The OHO Board also applied the Supreme Court`s decision in at-T Mobility v. Concepcion, where the court held that class actions are also not an exception to the FAA, stating that a party to an arbitration agreement is not entitled to participate in a class action instead of an arbitration proceeding on an individual basis, and that a derogation from the FAA mandate requires a clear statement of the intent of Congress.