Varkiza Agreement

Martial law is levied immediately after the signing of this agreement. At the same time as this remedy, a constitutional law which, in all respects, is akin to Constitutional Law 24, which authorizes the suspension of the articles of the Constitution covered by Act 24. The Varkiza pact also contained articles to “cleanse” Greece of communist politicians. These include Articles 7 and 8, which focused on civil and security workers. Articles 4 and 5 are typical of peace agreements. Article 4 sent prisoners of war from both sides back into the justice system. Article 5 established an apolitical Greek national army. The amnesty for political crimes was guaranteed by Article 3. Finally, Article 6 set out the disarmament of the militarized Communist Party. On 12 February 1945, the Varkiza agreement on the end of the Greek civil war, which was still raging in Greece, was concluded.

It was named after a place near Athens. The Varkiza agreement meant the end of the armed struggle of the Greek people. Through this agreement, KPG, EAM and ELD committed to disbanding all military units within ELAS. This shameful agreement meant maximum surrender and treason on the part of the leadership of these parties. Not all EAM members approved the agreement between the parties and the government-in-exile; Clashes broke out between ELAS units on the one hand and the military police, supported by British troops in Greece. This low act was the beginning of England`s involvement in Greece`s internal affairs. The government, through committees or councils that must be set up by special legislation, cleans up public service staff, public company officials, local government officials and the services it depends on or are paid for by it. The criteria taken into account during the purge are either technical competence, character and personality, or cooperation with the enemy, or the use of the official as an instrument of dictatorship. Officials from the above services who joined the resistance forces during the occupation will return to their posts and be treated in the same way as other officials. This advice will also look at cases of public servants who participated in or participated in the gatherings that took place between December 3, 1944 and the date of the signing of this agreement. Those for whom they are found to have been affected may be made available to the state in accordance with the law.

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